Danzig

  • fromer Free Town of Danzig
  • independent since 1920 by the Versailles Trust
  • 1939 incorporated into the German Empire
  • Polish name: Gdansk
Contents:

 

Flags:

Flagge flag Danzig Staats- und Handelsflagge

state and merchant flag,
ratio = 2:3


Flagge flag Danzig Dienstflagge

official flag,
ratio = 2:3


Flagge flag Danzig Postflagge

postal service flag,
ratio = 2:3


Flagge flag Danzig Senat

flag of the Senate,
ratio = 1:1


Flagge flag Danzig Polizei

police pennant

Flagge flag Danzig Zoll

customs pennant

Flagge flag Danzig Ausschuss für den Hafen und die Wasserwege

flag of the commission for the port and the seaways,
ratio = 2:3


Flagge flag Danzig Lotsenflagge

pilot jack,
ratio = 13:18


Source by: Flaggenbuch 1939
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historical Flag:

Flagge flag Danzig

middle of 14th cent. to 1457,
flag of Danzig Town


Flagge flag Danzig Staats- und Handelsflagge

1457–1920, and since 1939,
flag of Danzig Town,
ratio = 2:3


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Meaning/Origin of the Flag:
The flag of Danzig infers the coat of arms of the city. It is in use as flag of the town until today's. When the motive of the flag or the coat of arms of Danzig with its two crosses arised first is not known. It has its roots in the Order of the Teutonic Knights and shows two one below the other arranged white order's crosses on red ground. The motive arised either 1309, as the Order of the Teutonic Knights moved into the Wallburg at Mottlau River, or in the year 1340, as the Order of the Teutonic Knights moved its seat to Marienburg. The colours red and white have their roots in the colours of the Hanse Town's Conederation and Danzig became a member in the year 1361. On 15th of May in 1457 Danzig became awarded extensive privileges by the Polish King Casimir (Privilegia Casimirana). Since that point in time the motive of the flag (and also of the coat of arms) was added by the Polish royal crown.
Source: Historische Fahnen, Volker Preuß
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Coat of Arms:

Wappen coat of arms Danzig

coat of arms of Danzig
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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms:
The coat of arms of the city of Danzig (the here shown shape corresponds to the depiction on the flag of the Senate of the Free City of Danzig), shows like the flag, two white crosses under a crown on red ground. (look "flag").
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Map:

Position in today's Poland:

Source: CIA World Factbook
modyfied by: Volker Preuß

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Numbers and Facts:
  • Area:
    759 square miles
  • Administration:
    5 administrative districts
    (Danzig, Zoppot, Danzig Peak, Lower Danzig, Large Werder)
  • Inhabitants:
    407 500 (1934)
    thereof
    6 800 Poles
  • Density of Population:
    537 inh./sq.mi.
  • Capital:
    Danzig
    256 000 inh. (1934)
  • official Languages:
    German, partial Polish
  • other Languages:
    Kashubian
  • Currency 1920–1923:
    1 Mark (M) = 100 Pfennig
  • Currency 1923–1939:
    1 Danzig Florin (Gld) = 100 Pfennig
  • Time Zone:
    GMT + 1 h
Source: Der MichelDer neue Brockhaus
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History:
997 · first mentions about Danzig
1263 · town law of Luebeck
1309–1454 · to the Teutonic Order
1361 · member of the Hanse
since 1454 · under Polish protection
1457 · Privilegia Casimirana
1793 · Prussian appropriation
1807 · Freetown of Danzig
1814 · Prussian appropriation
10th of January 1920 · separated from the German Empire and the League of Nations subordinated as a free state
1st of September 1939 · re-incorporation into the German Empire
1945 · Polish administration subordinated, expulsion of the remained German population
Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Wikipedia (D)
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Origin of the Country's Name:
The name "Danzig" has its roots in the Slavic word "Gdansk" and further back in the Gothic word "gutisk", and shows that the region belonged to the dominion of the Goths. In Latin is the city called "Gedanum".
Source: Handbuch der geographischen Namen, RetroLib Retrobibliothek
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Kindly supported by:

Christian Kucharski (D)

 

 

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