Anhalt-Zerbst

  • former German country
  • 1797 dissolved
Contents:

 

Flag:

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Coat of Arms:

Wappen coat of arms Fürstentum Principality Anhalt Anhalt-Zerbst

to 1797,
small coat of arms Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
Source by:
Wikipedia (D), Heraldique Europeenne

Wappen coat of arms Fürstentum Principality Anhalt Anhalt-Zerbst

17th century,
big coat of arms of the Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
Source by:
Wikipedia (D), Heraldique Europeenne

Wappen coat of arms Fürstentum Principality Anhalt Anhalt-Zerbst

to 1797,
big coat of arms of the Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
Source by:
Wikipedia (D), Heraldique Europeenne
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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms:
All lines of the House of Anhalt used the same dynastic, big coat of arms, and even the same small coat of arms. In the 18th century arose for Anhalt-Zerbst and Anhalt Köthen deviations in the coats of arms. Anhalt-Dessau and Anhalt-Bernburg retained their same shaped coats of arms.
The coat of arms of the since between 1606 and 1797 existing Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst is very abundantly partitioned and shows altogether fifteen fields, which reflect the heraldic smithereens of the familie's lines or territorial acquisitions: Duchy of Saxony, Palatinate of Saxony, Duchy of Engern, Ballenstedt, Beringen, Jever, Askanien, Waldersee, Warmsdorf, Kniphausen, Mühlingen, the red regalia field (display of blood jurisdiction), Bernburg and Walther-Nienburg. In the middle of the coat of arms, over field no. 5, a heart-shield. That shows the smaller coat of arms a splited shield, to the left Brandenburg and on the right Saxony.
The Princes of Anhalt were initially even themselves the Margraves of Brandenburg and the Dukes of Saxony, but later even related by marriage with the Electors of Brandenburg and as well with those of Saxony, and claimed inheritance rights in both countries. They combined in their arms the crests of the two often feuding countries, in a so-called claim arms. In this way were not only combined the arms of Saxony and Brandenburg for Anhalt, but also the since 1863 in the Duchy of Anhalt used colours red, green and white are a combination of the colours of Saxony (white and green) and Brandenburg (red and white).
Source: Heraldique Europeenne, Volker Preuß
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Numbers and Facts:
  • Area:
    unknown
  • Inhabitants:
    unknown
  • Capital:
    Zerbst
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History:
10th century · the family which was later referred as the Ascanians is mentioned in Swabia Gau
11th to 12th century · the Ascanians consolidate their possessions around the castles of Ballenstedt, Aschersleben and Anhalt
1157–1320 · the Ascanians are the Margraves of Brandenburg
1180–1422 · the Ascanians are the Dukes of Saxony
1252 · Birth of Henry I., he called itself as the first as "Prince of Anhalt"
1252 · inheritance, it arise the principalities of Anhalt-Aschersleben (until 1315), Anhalt-Bernburg (until 1468), Anhalt-Zerbst (until 1570)
1396 · inheritance of the Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst, it arise the principalities of Anhalt-Dessau and Anhalt-Köthen
1570 · Death of Prince Bernhard of Anhalt-Zerbst, extinguish of all offshoot lines, Prince Joachim Ernst von Anhalt-Dessau rules over the entire Principality of Anhalt
1606 · inheritance of the Principality of Anhalt, it arise the Principalities of Anhalt-Dessau, Anhalt-Bernburg, Anhalt-Köthen and Anhalt-Zerbst
1667 · the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst, inherits Jever County in Friesland
2nd of May 1729 · Sophie Friederike Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst is born
1745 · Sophie Friederike Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst marryed Peter III., the Tsar of Russia
1762 · Sophie Friederike Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst becomes Tsar of Russia as Catharina II. (the Great)
1793 · extinguish of the line of Anhalt-Zerbst in Anhalt
1797 · the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst becomes splited between the principalities of Anhalt-Dessau, Anhalt-Bernburg and Anhalt-Köthen
Source: Wikipedia (D), Discovery '97, Historisches Deutschland
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Origin of the Country's Name:
To explain the origin of the name "Anhalt" there exist various theories. It should point out to a castle, built by Esiko Count of Ballenstedt, without wood (on holt).
Source: www.andat.de
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