Arenberg-Meppen

  • Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen
  • 1803–1811 existend state
  • Member of the Rhine Confederation
  • even: Arenberg, Aremberg
Contents:

 

Flag:

Flagge Arenberg-Meppen flag Arenberg

1803–1811,
flag of the country,
Source by: Wikipedia (D)


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Meaning/Origin of the Flag:
The colors gold and red are derived from the coat of arms of the country, three golden medlar blooms on red shield. The origin of the color blue is unknown, and even not to explain heraldicly by the intermarriages into the lineage of Arenberg.
Source: Volker Preuß
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Coat of Arms:

Wappen Arenberg-Meppen coat of arms Arenberg

from 1803,
coat of arms the Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen,
Source by: Wikipedia (D)
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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms:
The arms of the Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen shows three golden cinquefoiled medlar blooms on a red shield. The coat of arms was already in use when the Duchy still was  located in the Eifel Mountains.
Source: Volker Preuß
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Map:


Source: Hand-Atlas für die Geschichte des Mittelalters und die neueren Zeit von Spruner und Menke

The map shows the Grand Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen, in two parts (Meppen and Duelmen/Recklinghausen), in the northwest, within an red coloured border.
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Numbers and Facts:
  • Area:
    1 227 square miles
  • Inhabitants:
    59 000 (1815)
  • Capital:
    Recklinghausen and Meppen
  • official Languages:
    German
  • Currency:
    not known
Source: Wikipedia (D)
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History:
1792, 1796, 1800 and 1805 · invasions of French revolutionary troops under Napoleon in the German Empire, the German Empire subjectes and becomes territorially transformed
1801 · all left-bank territories of the River Rhine ceded to France, and incorporated by this (in this way the in the Eifel Mountains placed Duchy of Arenberg)
1803 · German Mediatisation (Reichsdeputationshauptschluss), transformation of the territorial partition of the German Empire, ecclesiastical possessions become confiscated, old princely territories and free cities become confiscated or dissolved or annexed to old or new principalities, the number of sovereign authorities and estates of the empire is thus reduced from 300 to 60, the Duke of Arenberg gets compensation for the loss of his country in 1801, the two areas Meppen and Dülmen/Recklinghausen, he appropriates them as Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen already on 26th of November in 1802
12th of July in 1806 · Napoleon forces the creation of the Rhine Confederation, an alliance of sixteen southern and southwestern German states under French protectorate, the Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen is one of the founding members
1st of August 1806 · the states of the Rhine Confederation declare themselves sovereign and resign from the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation
6th of August in 1806 · Emperor Franz II. lays down the crown of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation, the empire ends
13th of December 1810 · the area Meppen /Dülmen (northern exclave) is annexed by France, and Duelmen (north of the southern exclave) is annexed by France
22nd of January in 1811 · the area of Recklinghausen (south of the southern exclave) becomes annexed by the Grand Duchy of Berg, the Duke will be compensated financially (he is married to the niece of the French Empress), and he receives the title of a French Duke
October 1813 · Napoleon's defeat at Leipzig, Prussian troops occupy the country, Arenberg-Meppen becomes incorporated into an allied Gouvernement General
1815 · Congress of Vienna, reconstruction of Europe after the era of Napoleon, the ownership and the administrative partitions in the former German Empire become restored, but not the sovereignty of the ecclesiastical countries, and even not the sovereignty of the Duchy of Arenberg (Recklinghausen and Duelmen come to Prussia, Meppen comes to Hanover), their possessions become transferred to old or new principalities, the 39 remaining German states become organized in a loose association, the German Confederation
1826 · Hanover rebuilts within its territory, from the territory of Meppen, the Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen , the Duke of Arenberg receives enhanced privileges there
1866 · defeat of Austria and its allies (among them Hanover) in the Fratricidal War against Prussia and its allies, Hanover becomes a Prussian province
1875 · the privileges of the House of Arenberg in Arenberg-Meppen become canceled
Source: Wikipedia (D)
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Origin of the Country's Name:
The name "Arenberg" goes back to the noble family of the Counts of Arenberg, which built near Arenberg their ancestral home (their Castle) in the 12th century.
Over the years the place became to "Aremberg", but the House of Arenberg retained its name. The counts were levied in 1576 to princes and in 1644 to Dukes. The chief of the house lives today in Belgium.
Source: Wikipedia (D)
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